We are entering the part that most needs study in writing, development. Undoubtedly, he is the center of attention, the fragment that most has evaluation criteria. Therefore, it is crucial that you know how to make a development to ensure an excellent grade.
What a development should not contain
Development can not be a continuation of the introduction. These two have an intimate but independent relationship. As well?
This means that, as we begin development, it is as if we are beginning the text again. We should never start it with the terms:
Because of that…
Based on that…
This way … etc.
Do the test
We can do a simple test to see if development is being a continuation of the introduction. It is this: if we cut the introduction off, would the text be meaningless? If the answer is yes, we made a dependency between them. Let’s see this with an example. Let us say that the introduction of the previous chapter continued with a development:
TOPIC: Chocolate in the Modern World
“Chocolate is good for mankind. However, while it may bring benefits, its excess consumption can bring losses. (introduction)
Considering this, it is important to be aware of the quantities consumed of chocolate. The recommended daily allowance is the subject of discussions among nutritionists, since the benefits of cocoa are counterbalanced by the harmful effects of sugar. “(Development)
Let’s remove the introduction and see what our text would look like:
TOPIC: Chocolate in the Modern World
“Considering this, it is important to be aware of the quantities consumed of chocolate. The recommended daily allowance is the subject of discussions among nutritionists, since the benefits of cocoa are counterbalanced by the harmful effects of sugar. “
Notice that the text was completely meaningless. The reader who took this “essay” would be thinking “considering what?”. So this test just revealed that this development was poorly constructed.
Now watch what would happen if we just took off the “Considering it” development, without changing anything else in the text:
“Chocolate is good for mankind. However, while it may bring benefits, its excess consumption can bring losses.
It is important to be aware of the quantities of chocolate consumed. The recommended daily allowance is the subject of discussions among nutritionists, since the benefits of cocoa are counterbalanced by the harmful effects of sugar. “
Much better, no? If we did that test now, it would be clear that the text could begin with development without problems. This is a sign that the paragraph of development can survive alone.
Learn to cut what does not matter
This example was useful because many people can not begin development without using these terms: “Considering this,” “From this,” etc. So if that’s your case, start your development normally and scratch off those terms after you’ve finished. You will see that they will not make any mistakes.
Creating a well-connected text
Now that we have learned that development needs to “survive on its own,” we need to pay special attention to one thing: the so-called “link between sentences”.
Do you know the difference between a text and a cake recipe? A recipe is full of loose sentences, while a text presents a connection between them. And what do we need to do to keep our writing from looking like a recipe? Use the so-called prayer links. They are the conjunctions (but, therefore, etc.). These conjunctions will help us keep the text tightly packed. Notice in this example:
Was cold. I got up early. I had to go to class. It was an effort. Worth it. I finally learned the subject.
Let’s establish a connection between these phrases:
Although it was cold, I got up early because I had to go to class. That was an effort, but it was worth it. After all, I learned the subject.
It’s now looking more like a text, do you agree? Take care never to leave a sentence loose, giving the impression of having come out of nowhere.
This aspect seems pretty basic, but it is essential. It is part of the details that many people even know, but do not put into practice. Our goal here is to never forget these “basic” things, because they are a kind of foundation on which we have to support ourselves. Reading it all several times is good for recording, so it becomes something automatic in our writing.
What is the function of development
The time has come to understand the mission of development. In the same way that we study in the article on introduction, we will learn what the function of a development is and how to construct it.
The mission of development is to prove to the reader our point of view. We do this with arguments.
As this subject is very important, we have created a specific article to explain the argument: argumentative text (note mainly the passage that talks about the types of arguments of the text).
Another detail that needs to be taken into account when designing a development was already mentioned when we were creating the introduction:
Explain each sentence of the introduction in a paragraph.
Remember that the introduction should be short and comprehensive, with two or three phrases that will be “developed” in development. If you made two sentences, the first paragraph of the development will address the first sentence and the second paragraph will address the second sentence.
If you made three sentences in the introduction, you will build 3 paragraphs in development, one for each sentence. However, if two of these sentences of the introduction deal with the same subject or point of view, you can use one paragraph only to talk about these two sentences at the same time, and use another paragraph to explore the remaining sentence. However, in this case it is important to be very careful not to err.
You can also use 2 paragraphs to develop an introduction sentence.
In general, we recommend that you always make your life easier, so try to make one sentence per paragraph to be more intuitive, or two paragraphs for a sentence. Using two sentences for a paragraph is more risky.
First of all, notice the development did not begin with “Because of it”, “With that”, etc. We have already taught you why.
Looking at the structure, the first sentence of the introduction was fully explored in the first paragraph of development. It has been said that aggression follows the steps of man from his existence, influencing his actions. In this paragraph, the author spoke about the aggressiveness of primitive man, the survival of the stronger, and later brought more recent examples (the teaching of Machiavelli’s thought in universities). In addition to having correctly exploited the first sentence of the introduction in this paragraph, the author has used strong and compelling arguments, which is very important in an argumentative essay.
The second sentence of the introduction was developed in two paragraphs. It has been said in the introduction that aggressiveness manifests itself in various ways, remains questionable and its consequences do not please everyone.
On the “various manifestations of aggressiveness”, the author proved this by showing the action of aggression in relationships and politics; and in the third paragraph, mentioning his action in business and in chess.
On “not please everyone,” the author explained the reason for this at the beginning of the second paragraph. And on “being questionable” the author showed (in the third paragraph) the benefits that aggressiveness can bring.
In addition to having a very good structure, it was clear that this text is well argued. This is exactly what brokers want: organized and structured arguments. Building this without errors of Portuguese makes your essay a strong competitor to take maximum note.
Okay, now that you know how to build an introduction and a development, it’s important that you look at our complete writing excerpt to practice the exercises and have examples of good developments. In addition, in writing classes (from the full textbook) we will go deeper into the criteria for correcting evaluators, so that you learn to see the text in the same way a broker sees.